Steps To Writing a Problem Statement.

Published by Siboniso Malinga on

When writing an academic research paper, the problem statement section is one of the most crucial elements that guide your study in the desired direction.

This section aligns with the research topic and allows you to address the problem your study seeks to address. This section of the study enables the reader to understand swiftly the purpose and aim of the study.

Here are the three steps for constructing a concise problem statement:

  1. Contextualize your topic (problem) – What is already known about the study you want to explore?
  • This is when you clarify the problem the study seeks to address.
  • It entails a brief study background and highlights the repercussions of not solving the problem.
  1. Relevance – What is the significance of the study now that you have identified the gap?
  • You will now define the problem and how it can be prevented.
  • This allows you to briefly indulge in what your study will contribute towards closing the gap.
  • You must provide existing literature to substantiate what your study seeks to achieve to prevent the repercussions.
  1. Solutions or recommendations – Why does ‘closing the gap’ matter?
  • You provide a conclusion to your problem statement section.
  • This is when you outline your aim and objectives to close the gap.
  • This final section should describe how the study intends to address the problem.
  • Be mindful that the proposed solution can sound simple but is somewhat understandable and practical to make your study justifiable and realistic.
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